Dereza – is one of the names of poisonous plants, which in common we called wolf berries.The most popular is a poisonous plant in the East (Boxthorn is the Chinese name Wolfberry).Popularity Wolfberry in the East due to the therapeutic properties, which are available in addition to this plant are poisonous.Consider what healing properties inherent in this poisonous plant.
Basically therapeutic properties of berries used to treat cardiovascular diseases.Just wolf berries are used to treat nervous system and strengthen the anti-diabetic drugs for action.Also, traditionally in the East, wolf berries are used to improve the kidneys and liver.This is mainly explained by the generation of superoxide dismutase, which is carried stimulation substances included in the Wolfberry.No wonder there is a saying that even the poison in small doses is a strong medicine.That small therapeutic dose produce positive therapeutic effect.
Just shrub Boxthorn has a high level important trace elements and polysaccharides
, which are necessary to eliminate the cellular damage and to establish the immune system.Therefore, wolf berries medicinal properties, which are required for the maintenance of immunological processes are part of traditional medicine drugs.
It is a long-term experience of the Chinese wolfberry medicinal properties for the treatment of diseases of the eye, American scientists pushed for laboratory research in the field of ophthalmology.In laboratory studies, it was found that the drug, made on the basis of Chinese wolfberry, reduce the oxidative processes in the retina and improve the level of vision.Due to the high content of amino acids (and their grapes contains about 19 titles), vitamin “C”, beta – carotene, minerals (21 items) medicines made on the basis of wolf berries, can be successfully used as a dietary supplement as part of the traditional treatment of eye diseases.
key component of wolfberry is a polysaccharide litsium barbarium, which according to its biological characteristics plays a vital role in protecting the body against cell damage, and is involved in the regeneration process.
also one of the therapeutic properties of wolfberry is antioxidant activity of the compounds, which not only prevent the formation of toxins and their removal, but also prevent the oxidation processes and even genetic mutations.
course the main direction in the use of eye medicine Wolfberry is to stimulate improvement of vision due to age-related changes.Wolfberry contained lutein, zeaxanthin, polyphenols and polysaccharides prevent macular degeneration as well as diabetic retinopathy.Tests carried out in the USA in Kansas, confirmed long-term experience of the Chinese healers regarding the beneficial effects of wolfberry on pigment epithelial layer in the retina.
On the basis of these laboratory studies and recommendations were made for the sick, not only diabetes, but also suffering partial loss of vision, to use in the treatment of dietary supplements with substances of Chinese wolfberry.
After some experiments, the researchers concluded that the juice, comprising 5% of wolf berries, reduces swelling of the body caused by sunburn.These results made by scientists, by comparing the performance of different types of juice on the body of people with sunburn, patients who are suffering from skin cancer.In the experiment were used peach, grape, apple, pear juice and juice from the Wolfberry.
Traditional healers also offer their medicinal tinctures Wolfberry , and the healing properties of which allow them to accept not only for the treatment of eye diseases. Here are some popular liqueurs based Wolfberry: 1) tincture for the treatment of constipation, cracks in the rectum, hemorrhoids, spastic colitis
.For broth need to take 20 grams.powdered bark (dry) and cook up to 20 minutes in water (1 cup).The filtered broth consumed before eating one tablespoon in the morning and evening.
2) Infusion of a diuretic, laxative and improves digestion. broth need to make a mixture of the following herbs: 60 g.wolfberry, 20 gr.horses, dandelion, 20 g.the fruits of parsley, 20 gr.fennel fruit, 20 gr.peppermint leaves.The resulting mixture (20 oz.) Pour boiling water (0.5 liters) and to insist 0,5 hours.Eat two cups in the morning.
infusion at high acidity gastritis .For the preparation of infusions required to make the collection of herbs: 20 g.marjoram, 10 g.plantain, 10 g.nettle, 10 g.wolfberry.The resulting mixture (10 g.) Was heated up to 10 minutes in 0.5 teacup.Drinking tincture three times a day for 70 ml after meals.
infusion for the treatment of constipation. To prepare the therapeutic infusion need to take 30 grams of bark (dry) and finely chop.The ground mixture to fill 200 g.alcohol (30%) and urge at least a week, preferably 10 days.
When used infusions and recipes of traditional medicine should always be remembered that wolf berries is a poisonous plant, and its use in uncontrolled doses can lead to negative consequences.It is necessary to comply with these proportions in the preparation and dose when used to the healing properties of this plant are brought to you advantage.
As with the treatment, other folk remedies, the application of wolf berries, be sure to consult with your doctor to conduct a survey to clarify the diagnosis, passing the required tests.Keep in mind that the treatment of folk remedies can be used as an independent therapy, and as a complement to the main, doctor’s appointments, medication.
Wolfberry, the berry of the Lycium chinensisplant, have a long history of use in traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Chinese herbal medicine is part of an ancient and complex medical system that analyzes the effects of treatments in terms of their effects on the “energy” of various organs. Within this system, lycium berry has the following effects: nourishing liver and kidneys, moistening the lungs and supplementing the yin. (For more information on these pre-scientific medical concepts, see the full Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine article.) Typical uses based on these actions include life extension and treatment of dry skin, dizziness, diminished sexual desire, low back pain and chronic dry cough.
The Tibetan Goji berry is closely related to Chinese lycium.
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Chinese wolfberry offers potential immune-enhancing and cancer prevention benefits.
Wolfberry, also commonly known as goji berry, is the fruit of Lycium chinensis, a large, rangy shrub native to China. Valued by Chinese traditional herbalists, wolfberry has been used for centuries both as food and for numerous purported medicinal benefits. Because of its delicate structure, wolfberry does not withstand shipping and is usually found in dried form or as a juice. A 1/4-cup serving of dried wolfberries provides 4 grams of protein, 3 grams of fiber, 140 percent of your daily requirement for vitamin A and 20 percent of your daily requirement for vitamin C.
A study published in the July 2010 “Journal of Ethnopharmacology” found that wolfberry juice may help protect the liver from oxidation — damaging effects of toxins and cellular waste products on DNA, lipids, proteins and other important components of cells. In the tissue culture study, liver cells exposed to toxins and then treated with wolfberry extract showed fewer free radicals, reactive particles that cause cell damage. Wolfberry also restored levels of antioxidant enzymes, prevented DNA damage and protected lipids from becoming oxidized.
Protective benefits of wolfberry juice for visual health were demonstrated in elderly participants of a study published in the February 2011 issue of “Optometry and Vision Science.” Volunteers, ages 65 to 70, consumed 13.7 milligrams of a milk-based wolfberry supplement daily for 90 days. Results showed fewer degenerative deposits, known as drusen, that can lead to age-related macular degeneration. In addition, levels of the carotenoid antioxidant zeaxanthin increased by 26 percent in the wolfberry-supplemented group compared to a control group that did not receive wolfberry. The carotenoid compounds zeaxanthin and lutein helped reverse diabetes-induced retinal damage in a laboratory animal study published in the September 2011 issue of “Experimental Biology and Medicine.” Diets supplemented with 1 percent wolfberry for eight weeks produced the observed benefits. In a separate tissue culture section of the study that used human retinal cells, lutein and zeaxanthin supplementation led to similar benefits for retinal structure.
Wolfberry might help reduce your risk for cardiovascular disease, according to a study published in the November 2011 issue of the journal “Molecules.” In the laboratory animal study, high-fat diets supplemented with doses of 50 milligrams of wolfberry extract per kilogram of body weight for eight weeks resulted in lower levels of oxidized cholesterol and less liver damage compared to high-fat diets without added wolfberry juice. Wolfberry also restored antioxidant and cholesterol levels to normal. Results of this preliminary study indicate that wolfberry might help protect the body from damaging effects of toxins and cellular waste products associated with high-fat diets.
Immune-Enhancing and Cancer Prevention
Wolfberry juice offers immune-stimulating benefits that may help prevent some forms of cancer, according to a study published in the December 2012 issue of the journal “Immunopharmacology.” The polysaccharides in wolfberry, one of which is a hybrid molecule that contains vitamin C, induce early cell death and inhibit rapid reproduction of cancer cells. The vitamin C-polysaccharide molecule demonstrated the ability to inhibit cervical cancer in a tissue culture study published in the April 2011 issue of “Cell Biology and Toxicology.” Researchers concluded that wolfberry offers potential as a dietary supplement for the prevention of cervical cancer.
Formulations and Dosage
For general health and wellness, New York University’s Langone Medical Center recommends including 3 to 4 tablespoons of wolfberry in your daily diet. You can use dried wolfberry as you would raisins or other dried fruit. Add wolfberries to your favorite trail mix, sprinkle them on hot or cold cereal, toss into salads or stir them into muffin or quick-bread batters. Wolfberry is also available as a tincture or liquid extract. Consult a knowledgeable health-care provider for guidance and appropriate dosage when using wolfberry extract to treat a health condition.
If you haven’t figured out that I love the Rio Grande Bosque by now, you are falling behind. I’ve already written about lovely Yerba Mansa and her companion Cottonwood, but what about all those other plants hiding away in the understory? The understory of the Middle Rio Grande Bosque can be quite varied. Some places far enough downstream from Cochiti Dam are more wild and jungle-like with lower riverbanks and side channels of water that nourish the health of the ecosystem. Meanwhile in other places, including much of the Rio Grande Valley State Park within the city limits of Albuquerque, the understory is often open with few plants to speak of or it is covered in weedy non-natives such as the dreaded prickly Kochia. Furthermore, the Bosque is a mosaic of differing habitat types including native Cottonwood stands, invasive Salt Cedar stands, open areas, riverbanks and sandbars, and wetlands. Exploring the healthier areas of this ecosystem brings unexpected experiences like feeling lost within a rare urban wilderness area or discovering hidden jewels within the dense off-trail vegetation. Here is a small selection of those treasured plants of our wild Bosque:
Blue Lettuce (Mulgedium pulchellum or Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella): Blue Lettuce is a native sister of the more common non-native weed Lactuca serriola, or Wild Lettuce, and is present across much of North America. Both share many common attributes including bleeding a milky sap with medicinal properties. This sap is captured in fresh herb tinctures made from all parts of the plant (especially leaves, and stems) and used as part of formulas for promoting restful sleep, calming bodily spasms, relaxing tension and anxiety, coughing, and even acts as a mild pain reliever. Additionally Blue Lettuce is a tasty wild green when collected early in the spring.
Pale Wolfberry (Lycium pallidum): This powerful member of the Solanacaea family is a medicinal shrub related to the more famous Goji berry. Wolfberry, however, should be used in moderation and works well in formulas where the dosage will be smaller. Too much of this plant can create imbalance, dryness, and heat—exactly what we don’t need here in the Southwest. It combines well with other herbs that get at the root causes of illness while Wolfberry eases symptoms. Collect the leaves for tincturing or keep some stored dry to reconstitute for topical applications. The latter comes in handy for the pain and swelling that often comes with summertime’s bites, stings, and rashes. In that case, you can mix the powdered herb with some clay and water or just water to make a nice soothing paste. Wolfberry also works in the respiratory system by opening chest congestion and drying the wetness of allergies. It is also an effective anti-spasmodic in the digestive system.
American Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota): Our native Licorice is a frequent find when walking through the Bosque or along Albuquerque’s acequia system (irrigation ditches that carry water throughout the valley). Often this plant grows in compacted soils, which makes digging the roots a difficult chore. Unlike other species of Licorice, ours contains little glycyrrhizin and lacks the super-sweet flavor that typifies this plant. This may be a benefit for those who do not care for the flavor of purchased varieties of Licorice or for those who have contraindications to using this plant. (Usual contraindications include high blood pressure, edema, and diabetes.) Licorice has been used for centuries (or longer) for the treatment of a long list of health conditions including all kinds of inflammations and viral infections, especially coughs and sore throats. Like other members of the Legume family, Licorice has an important ecological role to play though its symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria and by fixing nitrogen in the soil.
Canadian Fleabane (Conyza canadensis): I did not intend to discuss weed species in this post, but I could not resist including this abundant and useful native that is so widespread in the Bosque as well as other areas across the entire continent. The upper leaves of this plant make useful digestive remedies, especially for chronic inflammatory issues, leaky gut, diarrhea, and indigestion. This plant has a unique spicy flavor and can be used to create interesting culinary creations in your kitchen. One of my favorite ways to prepare it is to infuse the leaves in oil or vinegar and use it for medicinal foods, salad dressings, and marinades.
Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica): It seems that every environment in this modern global era must be defined, in part, by the invasive non-natives. That’s why I am including one of them here for the Bosque and believe me there are many to choose from. Besides we can do the ecosystem a favor by harvesting the invaders’ flowers. Honeysuckle flowers are cooling for hot inflamed conditions and provide antibacterial and antiviral power. Prepare as tincture, tea, glycerite, or infused honey.
Continue on this topic with my featured photography and writing: Visions and Voices of the Bosque.
As usual, the information included in this post is derived from a combination of research and personal experience. References consulted:
- Charles Kane, Medicinal Plants of the American Southwest, (Lincoln Town Press, 2011).
- Jean-Luc E. Cartron, David C. Lightfoot, Jane E. Mygatt, Sandra L. Brantley, and Timothy K. Lowry, A Field Guide to the Plants and Animals of the Middle Rio Grande Bosque, (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2008).
- Michael Moore, Medicinal Plants of the Mountain West, (Santa Fe NM: Museum of New Mexico Press, 2003).
- William Dunmire and Gail Tierney. Wild Plants of the Pueblo Province (Santa Fe NM: Museum of New Mexico Press, 1995).
Look for more on this topic in a future issue of Plant Healer Magazine.