Pineapples are delicious tropical fruit.
There are more than a hundred varieties of pineapples that grow in varying sizes.
The plant is indigenous to South America and is said to originate from the area between southern Brazil and Paraguay.
The natives of southern Brazil and Paraguay spread the pineapple throughout South America, and it eventually reached the Caribbean, Central America, and Mexico, where it was cultivated by the Mayas and the Aztecs.
Explorer Christopher Columbus in 1493 found pineapples on Guadeloupe Island in the Caribbean. He called it piña de Indes, meaning “pine of the Indians”, and brought it back with him to Spain.
Today, the majority of the world’s pineapples come from Southeast Asia.
In 2016, the top five producers of pineapples were: Costa Rica, Brazil, the Philippines, Thailand, and Indonesia.
The pineapple is a herbaceous perennial, which grows to 1.0 to 1.5 m (3.3 to 4.9 ft) tall, although
sometimes it can be taller. In appearance, the plant has a short, stocky stem with tough, waxy leaves.
The plant takes almost three years to reach maturation. It can fruit a total of three times during its
Pineapple plants have beautiful flowers which can vary from lavender, through light purple to red.
When creating its fruit, it usually produces up to 200 flowers, although some large-fruited cultivars
can exceed this.
Once it flowers, the individual fruits of the flowers join together to create what is commonly referred to as a pineapple. So the pineapple fruit itself is actually a bunch of “fruitlets” fused together. The tough, waxy rind may be dark green, yellow, orange-yellow or reddish when the fruit is ripe. The flesh ranges from nearly white to yellow. In size the fruits are up to 30 cm (12 in) long and weigh 0.45 to 4.5 kilograms (1 to 10 pounds) or more.
The top of a pineapple, after cleaning and drying, can be planted in soil and a new plant will grow.
Pineapples have exceptional juiciness and a vibrant tropical flavor that balances the tastes of sweet and tart.
There are 50 calories in 100 grams (3.5 ounces) of a fresh pineapple.
The pineapple is made up of mostly water (86%) and carbohydrates (13%), with almost no fat or protein.
It has nutrients, vitamins, and minerals, including copper, potassium, calcium, magnesium, manganese, vitamin C, thiamin, B6, beta-carotene, and folate as well as soluble and insoluble fiber and bromelain.
The health benefits of pineapple include their ability to improve respiratory health, cure coughs and colds, improve digestion, help you lose weight, strengthen bones, improve oral health, boost eye health, reduce inflammation, prevent cancer, improve heart health, fight off infections and parasites, improve the immune system and increase circulation.
The flesh and juice of the pineapple are used in cuisines around the world.
In many tropical countries, pineapple is prepared and sold on roadsides as a snack. It is sold whole or in halves with a stick inserted.
Chunks of pineapple are used in desserts such as fruit salad, as well as in some savory dishes, including pizza toppings, or as a grilled ring on a hamburger.
Crushed pineapple is used in yogurt, jam, sweets, and ice cream.
The juice of the pineapple is served as a beverage, and it is also the main ingredient in cocktails such as the piña colada and in the drink tepache.
The word “pineapple” was first used in 1398 in reference to a pine cone. It is derived from the
Spanish word “pina” which means pine cone. This was changed nearly 300 years later with the word
“pine cone” being introduced so pineapple could be used exclusively for the fruit. You might also
recognise the Spanish word “pina” from the name of the famous pineapple drink the pina colada.
Pineapples are international symbols of welcome and are a symbolic way of saying “you are perfect” when presented to someone. Gate posts and door frames often have pineapples to signal a welcome.
American colonists looked on pineapples as a luxurious treat because of their rarity and cost.
Pineapples were such a status symbol in 18th century England that you could rent one for the evening
to take to a party.
The Guinness world record for the heaviest pineapple was set by a pineapple weighing 8.06 kg (17 lb 12 oz), grown by E. Kamuk of Ais Village, West New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea.
A pineapple grown in Britain in horse manure is believed to be the world’s most expensive pineapple, allegedly worth £10,000 (US$12,800). The fruit was nurtured over two years using traditional and very expensive Victorian gardening techniques at the Lost Gardens of Heligan in Cornwall.
Pineapple has protein bromelain that degrade meat. So if you put a piece of pineapple somewhere in your mouth it will start eating you.
Pineapples have grown in popularity these last couple of years. You can find them on everything. Literally, I have seen and owned Pineapple shoes, clothing, bag/purses, furniture, and even cooking utensils. Pineapples have really come a long way and with Summer already here Pineapples are on everyone’s mind not only as a cute decoration that feels Summery but as a wonderful healthy snack to partake in. So what do we really know about Pineapples? I bet there’s a lot you don’t know about this tropical fruit. It’s strange looking and has quite a lot of secrets, let me explain…
That’s right, Pineapples are pretty amazing! They are like the Phoenix’s of the fruit industry. You can plant them to make more of them. Much like a starfish if you take part of the pineapple and put it in the soil, ground or a planter you can grow your very own full-grown Pineapple. Of course, you will have to give it some TLC, planting them is a little tricky. You need the right temperature for them to grow. 68-86 degrees Fahrenheit is the recommended temperature for Pineapple growers. So keep that in mind!
Hawaii produces 1/3 of all the Pineapples in the world. Which is why we think of Hawaii when we think of Pineapples. That and the fact the Dole Plantation is there really helps. However, Pineapples didn’t originate in Hawaii. In fact, there are very few plants that are in indigenous to Hawaii.
Pineapples have their own Club
They are the only ones of their kind. So it’s a Pineapples only club: Bromeliads. We want to be a member but we aren’t cool enough.
Only one at a time, please
Pineapples can only produce one Pineapple at a time and that’s probably because it takes forever for these things to turn into the delicious fruits they are. It takes 18-20 Months for them to be harvested! My goodness, I don’t want to wait that long for delicious Pineapple!
Pineapples are great meat tenderizers
When you’re in the Pineapple club of Bromeliads you produce an enzyme called Bromelain. Bromelain is responsible for Pineapple “allergies” and/or that burning sensation you feel when you eat it. However, those enzymes are what break down protein and that break down makes your meat tender and juicy. Plus, Pineapple and meat as a combo…oh yes! I think this is a win-win-win.
Pineapples aren’t their own type a fruit even though they are their own species. Pineapples are actually berries. That’s correct a Pineapple is a very strange looking and giant berry. Move over Blueberries and strawberries there’s a new popular berry in town! Sherriff Pineapple!
The Next time you see a Pineapple item at the store or you decide you’re going to eat a delicious piece of this fruit just think about how amazing it actually is and how long it takes to grow it! No matter how you like your Pineapple or if you only like to wear Pineapple prints one thing will always remain: Pineapples are the coolest Summer fruit around.
Pineapples are very nice to eat and they have a very pleasant smell too. If you do not want to munch, then you can go for a glass of fresh pineapple juice. You can add slices of pineapple in your salad to make it tastier. Let us discuss some interesting facts about this fruit.
Maturity of a pineapple plant
Do you know that a pineapple plant gets matured in about three years? Yes, it takes a long time to gain its maturity.
Pineapple plants have pretty flowers
Its flowers vary from bright red to lavender. It produces berries which join together around the fruit’s center. Hence, the pineapple is in fact a bunch of fruit merged together.
In the beginning it looks like a pinecone
It was the European travelers who first discovered this fruit in the American continent. They named it “pineapple” because the fruit resembled to pine cones.
Pineapple plants look like giant, buried pineapples
The pineapples grow beneath the earth with its top part noticeable.
It is very easy to grow a pineapple plant
You can cut off the top of a pineapple and plant it in the earth.
Baby pineapples are the most adorable fruit you’ve ever seen. Small pineapples will grow beneath the earth with the help of the main plant.
Once you harvest the pineapples then they stop developing. If you buy a pineapple from the market, it means that it is already fully-grown. It is already ripen. The color may vary. A green pineapple is as sweet as a golden brown pineapple. Do not go on the color of the fruit. Do not store the green ones to get riper, it is already ripened. As a matter of fact, a completely grown pineapple is easily perishable if stored for a long duration. Buy a pineapple and eat it within two days if stored at room temperature. If you store it in your fridge then eat within a week.
Wanna know how to cut a pineapple?
After cutting the top and the base of the pineapple, make the pineapple stand and shear off the skin with a razor-sharp knife. The sweetest part of the fruit is its outermost flesh. That means slice off the skin of the fruit thinly and leave the brown spots as it is. The brown spots are lined in diagonal lines so you can cut them off in a “V” shape. Save as much as possible the outermost flesh, because the outmost flesh is the sweetest part of the fruit.
Away from drinks and fruit salads, this fruit is even used in making wines. Some of the best quality wines are made from this fruit. They are used for making jack-o-lanterns.
In Hawaii when it drizzles on a sunny day, the local people call it “pineapple juice”. The fruit is enriched with brome lain which is very beneficial for health. Brome lain is anti-inflammatory; it is a digestive enzyme and also a muscle relaxant. This chemical effect the growth of tumor cells and it is anti-cancerous.
Let’s face it: pineapples are weird. They look weird, they’re weird to cut into, we can’t figure out where they come from or how they grow, and while we love them already cut up in prepared fruit salads or tropical drinks, the thought of actually having to pick one of these spiky buggers up at the grocery store scares the bejesus out of us.
Thankfully, the below 17 facts will not only prove just how strangely awesome pineapples are, they will also demystify the sweet fruit forever — empowering us all to enjoy them like pros.
1. It takes almost 3 years for a single pineapple to reach maturation.
Which makes the price tag a bit more understandable.
2. Pineapple plants have really pretty flowers.
The pineapple plant’s flowers — which can vary from lavender to bright red — produce berries that actually coalesce together around the fruit’s core. So the pineapple fruit itself is actually a bunch of “fruitlets” fused together.
3. If you’d never seen one, it’d look like a pinecone to you.
When European explorers first encountered the fruit in the Americas, they called them “pineapples” because of the resemblance to pine cones.
4. Pineapple plants look like giant, buried pineapples.
What if all of these were giant pineapples, planted underneath the soil with just the top part visible. Freaky, eh?
5. Which is actually kind of accurate.
You can plant your own pineapple plant by cutting off the top of a pineapple and planting it in soil. Unfortunately, a giant pineapple won’t grow underneath it.
6. Baby pineapples are the most adorable fruit you’ve ever seen.
It’s impossible to see a little pineapple, sprouting off the leaves of its mama plant, without releasing a collective, “Awwww.”
7. Once harvested, pineapples don’t continue to ripen.
That means that every single pineapple in the grocery store is as ripe as it will ever be so don’t buy one and save it for a week, thinking it will ripen. The difference in colors is mostly based on where the pineapples were grown so a green pineapple can be just as sweet and delicious as a golden brown one.
8. In fact, a fully ripe pineapple is quite perishable.
You should eat it within two days if it’s stored at room temperature and within about a week if it’s refrigerated.
9. Here’s how you should cut a pineapple:
After lopping off the top and the bottom, stand the pineapple up and use a sharp knife to shave off the skin. The sweetest part of a pineapple is its outermost flesh, however, which means you should slice the skin off the sides as thinly as possible and you should leave the eyes (brown spots) or you will lose too much yumminess. You’ll notice that the eyes all line up in diagonal rows and you can easily cut them out in a small “V” cut to preserve as much outer flesh as possible.
When you put the pineapple on its side again and slice it, you’ll notice the rounds look like flowers because of the”V” cuts. You can keep the core in (it’s edible and healthy) or you can cut it out.
10. There is actually a really cool pineapple gizmo you can buy.
Which will help facilitate this whole process:
11. Besides fruit salads and tropical drinks, pineapples are also used to make wine.
In Maui at least.
12. They also make excellent jack-o-lanterns.
Either terrifying or hilariously doofy, depending on your preference.
13. They’ve influenced Hawaii slang.
When it drizzles on a sunny day in Hawaii, locals call it “pineapple juice.” And when older parents are “surprised” by a pregnancy, the baby is called a “ratoon crop,” the bonus fruit that grows after a pineapple plant’s initial harvest.
14. Pineapple cores contain high levels of bromelain, a proteolytic enzyme, which has a whole slew of health benefits.
Bromelain has been shown to be an effective anti-inflammatory, muscle relaxant, and digestive aid, and it also includes chemicals that interfere with the growth of tumor cells, making pineapple a good food to prevent cancer. Pineapples were once believed to cause miscarriages, but a pregnant woman would need to eat about 10 whole pineapples for it to be a concern.
15. Pineapple is also great for tenderizing meat.
Because Bromelain breaks down proteins.
16. Although the fruit originated in South America, the majority of the world’s pineapples now come from Southeast Asia.
Namely the Philippines and Thailand. For the freshest pineapples in the U.S., look for Costa Rica- or Hawaii-grown pineapples.
17. There is a recurring legend that pineapples make a man’s seminal fluids taste “sweeter.”
But all evidence appears to be anecdotal, not scientific.
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