Curing many ailments, disorders implies compliance with a certain diet. A strict diet, according to many nutritionists, contains tasteless dishes. Observing a diet, you can enjoy the taste of cooked meals, if you know how to properly prepare them.
menu can be varied, it can be painted for a week, every day to change, and the state of the gastrointestinal tract will only improve. In nutrition, the balance of vitamins and elements that benefit from exacerbation of the disease should be observed. The implementation of a therapeutic diet can be a means of treating many gastric pathologies.
- 1 Gastric and duodenal ulcers – types of diets
- 1.1 Diet 1 for gastric and duodenal ulcers
- 2 Diet for gastric ulcer – what can and can not be eaten
- 2.1 List of prohibited foods during an exacerbation period
- 2.2 Strict diet with severe exacerbations
- 2.3 Nutrition for gastric ulcer – daily menu
- 2.4 Diet menu at recovery stage
- 2.5 Diet for gastric ulcer – recipes for dishes
Gastric and duodenal ulcers – types of diets
SelectFeeding for gastric and duodenal ulcers to help the doctor, pointing to a variety of useful products for the conduct of the healing process in the right direction.
A person who has been diagnosed with an ulcer formed in the stomach or duodenum must change his daily menu according to the diet that the doctor will indicate.
Based on the symptoms of the disease, its stage diet will have its own characteristics.
After the operation, the patient should drink a lot, and hard food is excluded as part of the treatment.
- If the patient has an ulcer that affects the bulb of the duodenum, the menu contains solid food, the course of treatment restricts bakery products, excludes cold dishes, food items to which the duodenum will respond with pain.
- If the ulcer caused blood flow in the duodenum, the diet contains herbal decoctions, steamed dishes.
- if the plague afflicting the stomach, the duodenum, in severe stages, the doctor within the treatment process will recommend a diet number 1.
1 Diet for gastric and duodenal ulcers
A diet at number one for the people struck by the disease stomach or intestinal tract. A strict diet can be the basis for proper nutrition and weight loss. For patients with severe stage it is the optimal way of treatment for a week or longer. Indications
- to selection number 1 diet are gastritis( exacerbation of chronic stage, treatment of acute forms), gastric ulcer, ulcers formed in the duodenum, the process of revitalizing a person after operation.
- Food, which is considered as part of a diet, is steamed.
- products must be baked in the oven, the crust must not be as a result of cooking.
- It is mandatory to reduce the amount of salt in gastritis, ulcerous diseases that hit the stomach or duodenum, and to resume their functions after the operation.
Salt retains fluid in the body, which causes irritation of the stomach surface, the walls of the duodenum and the onset of exacerbation of the disease.
Diet number 1, which is the basis of treatment, is applied fractional: a day a person takes food five or six times, a small portion. Calorie intake, eaten during the day, included in nutrition on a diet, should be up to 3000.
- Dishes included in the method of nutrition treatment are soups, cereals, lean meat, fish, dairy products with low acidity, restricted vegetables.
- Soups with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are cooked on vegetable broth. You can season the soup with vermicelli, rice, cream, boiled egg.
- You can take oatmeal, semolina, buckwheat from cereals. The presence of eggs in the menu is allowed.
- Restrictions apply to bakery products with ulcer diseases. For patients prohibited rye bread, puff pastry.
There are exceptions to vegetables: can not legumes, cabbage, cucumbers, sorrel, products in which the patient experiences discomfort in the stomach.
Diet for gastric ulcer – what can and can not be eaten
A special diet for a stomach ulcer at home is performed taking into account the stage of peptic ulcer or gastritis, personal tolerance of food.
In the case of an ulcer in the stomach or ulcer located in the duodenum, different forms and stages of gastritis, the correcting after the operation of is useful soups prepared on broth from different vegetables( carrots, potatoes).
For patients with gastritis, with gastric ulcer, duodenum, vermicelli, rice, and oatmeal can be added. It is possible to add boiled low-fat poultry meat in advance.
In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it is allowed to have low-fat fish in recipes, it is advisable to boil it or make cutlets for a couple.
Among vegetables in the period of acute exacerbation, can choose to eat potatoes, beets, zucchini, carrots, pumpkin. If you observe the proportions of the volume, you can eat cauliflower, green peas.
It is advisable to eat foods in a cleaned form.
Restrictions are imposed on:
- Bakery products, vegetables, sweets, dairy products.
- In the patient’s menu, you can not add pickled, pickled food.
- You can drink soft drinks, soft coffee, cocoa, you can add milk. It is necessary to exclude carbonated drinks. You can not take alcohol.
List of prohibited foods during an acute period
A doctor who diagnoses an ulcer in the gastrointestinal tract will suggest making significant changes in the patient’s menu. Diet in the stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer during the exacerbation presupposes strict exclusion of several foods from the diet. It also extends to the rehabilitation period after surgery.
- Treatment of an ulcer that struck the stomach, located on the walls of the duodenum, excludes the consumption of fatty meat, you can not meat, tomato sauces.
- Mushrooms, broth on mushrooms can not be included in the menu of a person undergoing treatment for ulcer pathology.
- Excluded dairy products, which have high acidity, among the cheeses should be removed salty or sharp.
- You can not include rye, fresh bread, butter or puff pastry in the stomach during peeling and duodenal ulcers.
- From the nutrition of patients, dishes containing millet, pearl barley, barley and corn cereals are removed.
- During the exacerbation you can not eat acidic fruits that are saturated with fiber, chocolate and ice cream are forbidden.
- Legumes and food products from vegetables( cabbage, spinach, turnips, cucumbers), which bring discomfort in the esophagus, should be removed from the patient’s menu.
- Salted, pickled, canned is not included in the diet for gastritis and peptic ulcers.
Food treatment eliminates carbonated drinks, black coffee, strong drinks from the diet.
Strict diet with severe exacerbations of
If you follow the diet in good faith, you can avoid exacerbation, facilitate the work of the esophagus. Diet with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in the period of exacerbation is strict.
For a week during the course of exacerbation of the disease of the gastrointestinal tract, after surgery the patient excludes from the menu fried, fatty, salted, sweet, sweet. The diet regime is set, the day is scheduled according to the meal hours. A week is not a time limit, a patient must follow a diet until the aggravation takes place.
The severity of the diet is:
- combination of fats, proteins, carbohydrates should be balanced;
- power split, small volumes;
- dish should not lead to inflammation of the walls of the stomach, cause discomfort in the intestines;
- can not be eaten cold or hot;
- products should not have choleretic or sodic effect;
- salt restriction, the desired rate of 10 g per day.
A large number of recipes should be excluded, there are simple recipes for soups on vegetable broth, among which remains potatoes and carrots.
The patient completely revises his diet, divides the ration into parts, the menu will contain cereals, vegetables, dairy products with significant restrictions. Treatment nourish is possible, most importantly, observe the rules of healthy eating for a week or more.
Nutrition for stomach ulcers – menus for every day
Proper nutrition can be used as a basis for weight loss, body health, cleansing from toxins, treatment of gastritis, ulceration in the stomach or duodenum, recovery from surgery.
Eating with peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum requires a special menu. The rules apply to the time after the operation. The menu can be painted for a week: every day will differ in the content of products.
A menu option that can be offered to a patient on a daily basis when treating a stomach or duodenal ulcer may contain a variety of foods and recipes.
The first menu of the patient:
- first meal: white wheat bread with butter, low-fat yogurt without additives, water;
- lunch: boiled eggs or soft-boiled, rice porridge, fruit puree;
- lunch: chicken soup, pasta with low-fat steamed meat, white bread, fruit jelly or dried fruit, milk;
- afternoon snack: mashed potatoes with chop, bread, rosehip tea, raisins;
- dinner: boiled beef with vegetable salad, soft-boiled egg, bread, jelly.
Eggs soft-boiled can be replaced with an omelet while relieving the symptoms of exacerbation. Porridge in the menu can be a herculea, semolina. Recipes for second courses are varied.
For lunch, an ulcer, during an exacerbation, after the operation, you can serve vegetable soup or oatmeal with a useful mucous consistency;Boiled fish, meatballs from a bird or potatoes in a uniform.
Diets at the recovery stage
If treatment of the body after surgery of a chronic or acute type of gastritis, ulcers in the stomach or in the duodenum, a strict diet was successful, then in the diet, you can make additional products.
During the period of exacerbation, the strict diet menu is carefully considered for the balance of nutrients and salt content.
During the recovery period, the patient’s menu expands, the choice of vegetables, fruits, and low-fat meat increases. The menu can be scheduled for a week, a day.
Menu option for the patient during recovery:
- first meal: milk porridge, scrambled eggs, water;
- lunch: milk or cocoa, bread;
- lunch: milk soup with rice or pasta, mashed potatoes with in addition to a cutlet from lean meat( meatballs from beef), jelly, fruit puree;
- afternoon snack: rose hips, dried crusts, dried fruits;
- dinner: cottage cheese casserole, fruit soufflé, tea or jelly.
- You can drink milk for the night .
Diet for stomach ulcer – recipes for dishes
Diet from the treatment of peptic ulcer in the stomach or duodenum, imposes strict restrictions on the recipes of dishes allowed to be present in the patient’s menu.
Treatment of ulcers in the stomach, ulcers that have affected the duodenum, gastritis, during the recovery from surgery implies that the patient will adhere to the norms of nutrition that the doctor prescribes.
Recipes of dishes that are included in the food of the patient during treatment of gastritis and ulcers, formed in the stomach, on the walls of the duodenum, are applied during breakfast, lunch and dinner, are distributed for a week, make up the menu for the day.
Meat pie recipe is suitable for the menu of a patient observing a diet in the treatment of the digestive tract:
- 0.5 kg of low-fat meat( rabbit, veal);
- chicken liver 0.2 kg;
- vegetable oil 2 tbsp;
- loaf white 1/3;
- carrots 3 pcs.;
- milk 1/3 cup;
- egg 1 piece;
Meat, liver cut, cook for as long as the dish does not seem ready, add the cut carrots as you cook. Grind to mince, add a roll, soaked in milk, the rest of the ingredients, bring to the consistency of the pate.
Recipe for carrot soup with pumpkin can be used in a diet for patients with gastritis, ulcer in the stomach, duodenum.
- Milk in the volume of 3 cups boil, add 2 tablespoons of semolina, cook for 15 minutes. Pumpkin 300 g boil separately, make from it and broth the mashed potatoes, add to the semolina porridge, bring to a boil, add salt, add 2 teaspoons of sugar, the soup is ready.
A simple salad recipe from boiled beets and potatoes will revive the menu for the sick:
- a quarter of the beets and one potato bake in the oven or boil;
- vegetables cut into cubes, add greens, vegetable oil half a tablespoon, salt.
Menu from the course of treatment of ulcers that hit the stomach, the walls of the duodenum, gastritis can constitute various recipes, which include foods rich in vitamins, trace elements, acceptable in the diet for patients. Dishes turn out tasty and useful, despite the fact that it is a way of treating the disease.
While indigestion is common for many Americans, particularly given the standard American diet, if you’re having burning sensations in or above your stomach, stomachaches or pains, feeling nauseous or vomiting, or constantly burping, you may be suffering from gastritis symptoms — and that means you may want to begin the gastritis diet treatment plan.
What is gastritis? It’s a digestive condition caused by damage and inflammation to gastric mucosa, the lining of the stomach and gastrointestinal tract. Erosion of the stomach lining leads to acid causing burning sensations and pain in the digestive system — and sometimes malabsorption of nutrients. Many of the symptoms of gastritis are similar to symptoms caused by stomach ulcers, although gastritis tends to only affect the stomach (as opposed to ulcers, which can also damage parts of the intestines and esophagus). Chronic gastritis can also be more serious than ulcers and sometimes lead to complications like anemia or even stomach cancer.
The good news is gastritis often can be treated and even reversed through healthy lifestyle changes, beginning with your diet. Let’s take a look at how your diet influences gastritis along with how the gastritis diet treatment plan can help treat this uncomfortable, potentially dangerous condition.
How Your Diet Contributes to Gastritis
Adjusting your diet is one important step in helping the stomach lining heal and preventing inflammation from developing in the first place — or from returning. That’s why you want to follow a gastritis diet treatment plan if you have this condition. Acute gastritis and stomach ulcer symptoms usually go away within several weeks when someone removes the irritants that cause stomach inflammation and erosion to develop. Studies suggest that other steps to reduce gastritis and stomach ulcers include limiting or eliminating use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), quitting smoking, lowering alcohol consumption, reducing stress, and improving immune function. (1)
Certain foods can make gastritis symptoms worse and should be avoided on a gastritis diet to help control symptoms while you heal. These include very acidic foods, spicy or hot foods, alcohol , caffeine, and processed/packaged foods. (2) On the other hand, foods high in fiber, antioxidants like vitamin C, electrolytes like magnesium and calcium, vitamin B12, probiotics and omega-3 fatty acids can help lower inflammation and boost digestive health.
A healing gastritis diet that features mostly vegetables, fruits, high-quality proteins and healthy fats can help manage painful symptoms, allow you to maintain a healthy weight, and prevent deficiencies in critical vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that can lead to further complications down the road.
Facts About Gastritis:
- Many people report worsened gastritis and stomach ulcer symptoms when consuming foods that are spicy, very hot, naturally acidic (like tomatoes and oranges, for example) and hard to digest because they promote inflammation or the release of stomach acids.
- Risk factors for gastritis include eating a poor diet, nutrient deficiencies, smoking, being overweight, drinking high amounts of alcohol, and having a history of autoimmune disorders or viruses. (3)
- While it’s common for people with gastritis or ulcers to rely on taking over-the-counter antacids or antibiotics to treat symptoms, these can cause complications long term (like changes in electrolyte levels, constipation and diarrhea) and don’t solve the underlying problem of inflammation.
Gastritis Diet Plan & Natural Treatments
Each person with gastritis or peptic ulcers reacts differently to various foods, so it’s best to try an elimination diet to kick-start your gastritis diet in order to test which foods tend to cause you the worst pain or help provide relief. First try eliminating all of the common trigger foods described below for a period of time, such as several weeks, and then you can add back one food at a time to test its effects.
By gradually introducing only one or two trigger foods into your diet you will be able to tell if they should be avoided long term or not to control your symptoms.
To get the most benefits from following a gastritis diet plan, use these tips to help manage symptoms:
- Eat smaller meals: Instead of eating fewer meals per day, with larger quantities of food at each meal, try eating smaller amounts more frequently. For example, rather than having three meals daily, plan to have five to six smaller meals every few hours. Eating smaller amounts more often can help increase blood flow to the stomach, which boosts healing — plus food in manageable portions can help buffer the effects of acid lurking in the stomach. (4)
- Avoid eating too close to bedtime: Give yourself about three to four hours before going to sleep to fully digest.
- Drink enough water: Water (but not other liquids like coffee, tea, alcohol or sweetened drinks) seems to help control gastritis symptoms, so aim for at least six to eight glasses daily. Try having a full glass of water when symptoms come up and a glass with every meal. Unlike milk, alcohol and caffeine, water won’t increase stomach acid production or cause burning.
- Reduce stress: Emotional stress alone is no longer believed to be the culprit for stomach erosion, gastritis or ulcers, but it certainly worsens symptoms. Stress can trigger an increased release of stomach acid and raise inflammation — plus it lowers immune function and contributes to other digestive issues. Utilize natural stress relievers to help promote healing in conjuction with following a gastritis diet.
- Quit smoking and lower toxin exposure: Smoking and living an unhealthy lifestyle are major risk factors for developing stomach damage and gastritis. Smoking slows the healing of gastric mucosa, raises the reoccurence rate of ulcers and also makes it more likely you’ll develop infections.
- Take beneficial supplements: Supplements that can help you heal from gastritis include omega-3 fatty acids, probiotics, vitamin C, adaptogen herbs, vitamin B12 and a daily food-based multivitamin.
To help stop gastritis pain and lower your risk for reoccurrence, here are the foods that experts advise you avoid and consume on the gastritis diet treatment plan:
Foods to Avoid that Worsen Gastritis
- Citrus fruits and juices: Citrus fruits, including oranges, lemons, limes and grapefruit, are high in natural acids that can normally be beneficial — however, for people with ulcers or gastritis they’re capable of causing pain. Research suggests that citrus fruits trigger the release of pain-causing chemical neurotransmitters in people with inflammation of the stomach.
- Tomatoes: Tomatoes are similar to citrus fruits in that they’re acidic and can irritate a sensitive stomach. A small amount might be OK for some people, but others feel best avoiding tomato products all together.
- Milk and other dairy products: For years, doctors used to tell gastritis and ulcer patients to drink milk in order to coat the stomach and help block the effects of acids — however, this advice is no longer believed to be helpful. Experts now believe that milk’s calcium and amino acids (proteins) actually stimulate the release of more acid production and can make gastritis symptoms worse. Test your personal reaction to dairy products, including yogurt, kefir, raw cheese and raw milk. If they don’t cause an increase in symptoms, then you can choose to keep consuming these foods, since otherwise they have many benefits to offer. For example, fermented probiotic yogurt has been shown to actually help soothe stomach irritation and reduce GI troubles since it’s a great source of probiotics. (5)
- Alcohol: Alcohol in excess can erode the stomach lining and make inflammation worse. Some people don’t notice an increase in gastritis symptoms when they drink moderately (about one drink per day or less), but others can’t consume alcohol at all without triggering symptoms. Alcohol doesn’t necessarily have to be eliminated all together in most cases; in fact, studies show moderate consumption might even offer protection against gastritis. (6)
- Coffee: Coffee won’t cause stomach troubles or ulcers in most cases, but it usually makes gastritis symptoms worse. In some instances, even when coffee is decaffeinated, it can still trigger pain. Coffee is acidic by nature and might increase feelings of burning — plus caffeine can worsen GI trouble in general for some people. However, several studies show that regular green tea consumption is associated with a 40 percent lower risk for gastritis because it’s anti-inflammatory and much lower in caffeine, helping you avoid caffeine overdose while helping heal the gut.
- Spicy foods: Spicy or hot foods won’t cause gastritis or ulcers, but they can worsen symptoms. These include hot peppers, chili, cayenne, red/black pepper, curry and hot sauce, all of which can cause exacerbation of gastritis symptoms. (7)
- Common allergens and inflammatory foods: Avoid refined and processed foods, such as white breads, pastas, products with added sugar, factory-farm meat, trans fats, refined vegetable oils, fried foods and pasteurized dairy products. These can all trigger food allergies, raise inflammation in the gut, slow healing and make you more prone to infection.
Foods to Consume that Help You Overcome Gastritis
- High-antioxidant foods: Research shows that high-antioxidant foods, such as those high in vitamin C, vitamin A and flavonoids (found in berries, for example), can help lower stomach inflammation and reduce risk for digestive disorders or complications. The best sources of healing antioxidants are brightly colored fresh fruits and vegetables. According to sources such as the University of Maryland Medical Center, fresh fruits, herbs/spices and veggies that are especially beneficial for gastritis include onions, garlic, squash, bell peppers, leafy greens, artichoke, asparagus, celery, fennel, sea vegetables, ginger, turmeric, cruciferous veggies, berries, apples and cranberries. (8)
- Probiotic foods: A review of studies suggests that consumption of probiotics can help control H. pylori bacteria and treat infections of the GI tract that trigger gastritis and ulcers. (9) Probiotic foods, including cultured veggies, kombucha, yogurt and kefir (if you can tolerate dairy), have numerous benefits for almost every aspect of health. They reduce inflammation, regulate bowel movements, help control reactions to food allergies or intolerances, and much more. Probiotic foods and supplements that contain beneficial bacteria such as Lactobacillus bulgaricus might be able to help regulate how much acid the stomach produces and reduce inflammation by significantly inhibiting the expression of cytokines and chemokines.
- Garlic: Consuming both raw and cooked garlic has been a natural remedy for GI troubles for thousands of years. Garlic is a natural anti-inflammatory and even has some antibiotic properties. Some experts believe that raw garlic might even be able to help reduce H. pylori bacteria and inhibit the growth of other harmful bacteria in the microbiome. (10) One study done by the National Cancer Center Research Institute in Tokyo found that when garlic extract was fed to animals at doses of 1 percent, 2 percent and 4 percent, the higher the dose administered the stronger the effects were. H. pylori-induced gastritis in the animals was decreased in a dose-dependent manner significantly over the course of six weeks. Other studies suggest that consuming about two cloves of garlic per day offers the most protection against stomach inflammation, although less is beneficial too, as is taking concentrated garlic extract supplements.
- Licorice, fennel or anise: Licorice is a traditional folk remedy for all sorts of digestive complaints, including ulcers and acid reflux. Licorice root contains a special compound called glycyrrhizic, which is known for its soothing effects on the stomach and strengthening abilities within the GI tract. In fact, this compound is so impressive it’s been shown to have “anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, antioxidant, anti-tumor, antimicrobial and anti-viral properties.” (11) While licorice extract might be most beneficial, eating fennel and using anise spices can also offer some relief. Dosage recommendations of licorice extract differs from person to person, but most people are able to experience some improvements taking about three grams per day for about four to six weeks. However, talk to your doctor if you take any prescriptions that can interact with licorice exact, such as those used to treat high blood pressure.
- Foods high in fiber (soaked/sprouted nuts, seeds, grains and legumes): A diet high in fiber has been shown to be beneficial for gastritis and other digestive disorders. A study done by the Harvard School of Public Health found that high-fiber diets were associated with reduced risk for developing stomach ulcers by up to 60 percent. (12) Some of the best sources of fiber include nuts like almonds, seeds like chia or flax, soaked legumes/beans, and sprouted whole grains (preferably those that are ancient grains and gluten-free like oats, quinoa, wild rice, buckwheat and amaranth).
- Healthy fats and proteins: Lean proteins help repair the gut wall and treat digestive issues like leaky gut syndrome, which can trigger inflammation. Good sources of clean protein include grass-fed meat, wild-caught fish, cage-free eggs or pasture-raised poultry. Fish such as salmon or sardines are especially beneficial because they are omega-3 foods that are anti-inflammatory and beneficial for gastritis sufferers. Other healthy fats that are easy to digest include coconut or olive oil, avocado, grass-fed butter and ghee.
The Causes & Symptoms of Gastritis
The most common symptoms of gastritis include: (13)
- burning sensations in or above the stomach/abdomen, especially around the time of eating
- stomachaches or pains
- nausea or vomiting
- stomach bloating
- loss of appetite, feeling very full quickly and possibly experiencing changes in weight
- hiccups and burping
- changes in bowel movements and the appearance of stools (poop might be darker than usual and take on a tar-like or bloody color)
What causes gastritis to develop?
Gastritis is triggered by inflammation of the stomach and erosion of the stomach’s protective lining. Digestion of the foods you eat first begins in your mouth, before partially digested foods makes their way to your stomach, where they’re coated with acids and enzymes. Every time you eat something your stomach pumps out acids that are actually strong enough to cause damage to the lining of your GI tract — however, normally these acids are buffered by a special type of mucous that blocks the acids’ effects.
Sponge-like mucous coats and protects the lining of the stomach and builds a defense against the painful effects of acids, so when mucous production is decreased for some reason, burning sensations and stomach ulcers in the digestive system are usually experienced. There are a number of different underlying reasons that inflammation develops in the stomach and mucous production is altered.
Risk factors for gastritis include:
- Older age, especially being over 60
- Having low immune function
- Infections caused by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
- The overuse of NSAIDs and painkillers, including ibuprofen overdose and aspirin reliance
- A poor diet and nutrient deficiencies (including being deficient in vitamin B12 or low in magnesium, calcium, zinc and selenium)
- Consuming excessive alcohol or smoking cigarettes
- High levels of stress
- Other health conditions that affect the digestive system, including bile reflux, Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, allergies, thyroid disorder, an autoimmune disorder, or viruses like HIV/Herpes
- Pernicious anemia, which affects the lining of the stomach and hinders normal absorption of vitamin B12
- Obesity or being overweight can also make symptoms worse
Final Thoughts on the Gastritis Diet
Gastritis is a digestive condition caused by damage and inflammation to gastric mucosa, the lining of the stomach and gastrointestinal tract. Erosion of the stomach lining leads to acid causing burning sensations and pain in the digestive system — and sometimes malabsorption of nutrients.
Certain foods can make gastritis symptoms worse and should be avoided to help control symptoms while you heal. These include very acidic foods, spicy or hot foods, alcohol , caffeine, and processed/packaged foods, and these foods are the ones you want to avoid on a gastritis diet. On the other hand, foods high in fiber, antioxidants like vitamin C, electrolytes like magnesium and calcium, vitamin B12, probiotics and omega-3 fatty acids can help lower inflammation and boost digestive health, which is why they should be included in a gastritis diet treatment plan.
A healing gastritis diet that features mostly vegetables, fruits, high-quality proteins and healthy fats can help manage painful symptoms, allow you to maintain a healthy weight, and prevent deficiencies in critical vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that can lead to further complications down the road.
Each person with gastritis or peptic ulcers reacts differently to various foods, so it’s best to try an elimination diet to test which foods tend to cause you the worst pain or help provide relief. First try eliminating all of the common trigger foods described below for a period of time, such as several weeks, and then you can add back one food at a time to test its effects.
Some more tips when following a gastritis diet include eating smaller meals, avoiding eating too close to bedtime, drinking enough water, reducing stress, quitting smoking, lowering toxin exposure and taking beneficial supplements.
Read Next: Gastritis Symptoms: 4 Natural Treatments for This ‘Sick Tummy’ Problem
From the sound of it, you might think leaky gut only affects the digestive system, but in reality it can affect more. Because Leaky Gut is so common, and such an enigma, I’m offering a free webinar on all things leaky gut. Click here to learn more about the webinar.
Indigestion is a common condition for many people, especially considering the types of diets many Americans have. However, if someone experiences burning sensations in the stomach along with ongoing pain and nausea, they may have gastritis.
Gastritis is a digestive condition resulting from inflammation of the lining of the stomach. If the stomach lining wears away, stomach acid can cause a burning sensation in the middle part of the abdomen and chest.
Untreated gastritis can lead to ulcers, ongoing pain, ongoing inflammation, and bleeding, which can become life-threatening. Chronic stomach inflammation can also lead to stomach cancer.
A common cause of gastritis is now known to be due to the bacteria Helicobacter pylori, known as H.pylori, which infects the stomach.
Symptoms that may signal gastritis, alongside burning sensations, include stomach aches and pains, nausea, and constant burping. Anyone experiencing these symptoms should see a doctor for further evaluation.
How diet contributes to gastritis
A common cause of gastritis is the bacteria H.pylori.
Lifestyle changes can be an important step towards healing the stomach lining, preventing inflammation from returning, and fighting off an infection of H. pylori.
Research suggests that H. pylori affects at least 50 percent of the world’s population. It causes stomach inflammation and increases the risk of developing ulcer disease in the digestive tract, as well as stomach cancer. H. pylori is the greatest risk factor for stomach cancer, which is the second deadliest cancer worldwide.
While there is not a specific diet that will treat gastritis, there is growing research that shows particular foods may improve a person’s ability to get rid of H.pylori. Certain dietary choices can also make things worse.
Studies have shown that salty and fatty foods can change the stomach lining. High salt diets can alter the cells within the stomach and make them more likely to become infected with H. pylori.
In studies with rodents, a high-fat diet has been shown to increase stomach inflammation, especially in the presence of a high salt diet.
For decades, doctors told people to drink milk to help coat the stomach and block the harmful effects of acidic foods. Because doctors and scientists now understand the role of H. pylori in gastritis, this is no longer true.
Foods to include in a gastritis relief diet
The good news is that eating certain foods may help some individuals find relief from gastritis and ulcer symptoms by killing off the H. pylori bacteria.
Two specific foods that can do this are broccoli and yogurt.
Broccoli contains a chemical called sulforaphane, which is known for its antibacterial effects. It also contains substances shown to have anti-cancer properties. As a result, eating broccoli sprouts may help with gastritis and decrease the risk of stomach cancer.
Foods that kill off the H. pylori bacteria include broccoli and yogurt.
This evidence comes from a 2009 study published in the journal, Cancer Prevention Research. People eating at least one cup of broccoli sprouts per day over a period of 8 weeks experienced less stomach infection and inflammation compared with those who did not.
A study, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, examined the effects of adding a daily cup of yogurt containing probiotics to the diet alongside “quadruple” medication therapy (multiple antibiotics) to treat H. pylori.
A total of 86 percent of people who ate the yogurt alongside the medication had better elimination of H.pylori compared with 71 percent of those who took the antibiotics alone.
The reason is probably due to the fact that yogurt contains active cultures of good bacteria, which improves the body’s ability to fight off the unwanted bacteria in the stomach.
Other foods that may help inhibit the growth of H. pylori and reduce gastritis and ulcer formation include:
- berries (blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, strawberries, cranberries)
- olive oil
- herbal teas
Getting the most benefit from a gastritis relief diet
Here are some ways for people to get the most from a gastritis relief diet plan.
- Rather than three large meals, people should try eating five or six smaller meals throughout the day. Eating smaller amounts can boost stomach healing by reducing the effects of stomach acids.
- Water is a great choice for hydration. It is also good idea to avoid or cut back on the consumption of alcohol, as it significantly increases stomach inflammation.
- Quitting smoking can help. Smoking leads to stomach inflammation and increases the risk of mouth, esophagus and stomach cancer.
- Some dietary supplements may have a role in healing gastritis. Omega-3 fatty acids and probiotics are a good place to start. People considering taking any supplements or vitamins should talk to the doctor first as they may interfere with treatments for other conditions.
- Reducing stress can boost healing by improving the immune system. Emotional stress is known for triggering stomach acid production, which can lead to increased symptoms and inflammation.
Eating the right foods with gastritis seems to play an important role in decreasing and eliminating H. pylori bacteria. Getting rid of the bacteria will reduce the chances of recurrent gastritis, ulcer formation, and cancer.
While research does not point to a universally accepted diet, embracing certain lifestyle changes and making an effort to eat the right foods are important parts of a gastritis treatment plan.
If gastritis is left untreated, it may result in ulcers, which can cause bleeding in the stomach and intestines.
Gastritis is either acute or chronic. If it is acute, it will start suddenly and last for a short period as long as the cause is removed. The cause is usually due to something that has quickly irritated the stomach, such as drinking large amounts of alcohol all at once.
If gastritis becomes chronic and isn’t treated, or the cause is ongoing, symptoms will worsen and may last for many years. It can even last for a person’s entire life. Chronic gastritis can cause the stomach lining to wear away resulting in ulcers, or deep sores in the stomach lining.
Many symptoms of gastritis are similar to those of an ulcer. Gastritis, however, only affects the stomach, whereas ulcers can occur in the stomach, intestines, and food pipe (esophagus).
Gastritis typically causes pain in the middle of body from the abdomen to the chest. Some people with gastritis do not have symptoms. When symptoms are present, they include pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen, nausea, indigestion, and in severe cases, vomiting.
Ulcers are a serious complication of gastritis and can cause bleeding of the stomach lining, intestines, or food pipe, which can be life-threatening. Bleeding in these areas can cause the following symptoms:
- feeling faint
- rapid heart rate
- shortness of breath
- bright red blood or ground coffee-looking vomit
- black, tarry stools or bright, bloody stools
Anyone experiencing these serious symptoms of gastritis should get medical attention right away.
Risk factors for gastritis include the following:
- poor nutrition (high fat, high salt diet)
- drug use
- being overweight
- excessive alcohol use
- regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen
Reducing or eliminating the use of NSAIDs can reduce gastritis and stomach ulcers. Using NSAIDs when an H.pylori infection is also present significantly increases the risk of gastritis.
One study found that every year at least 2 percent of people who use NSAIDs will develop gastrointestinal complications, a rate up to five times higher than those who do not use NSAIDs.
Gastritis is one of the most common problems to affect the gut. As research continues on this topic, scientists will gain a better understanding of how H. pylori, diet, and the immune system are related. Eating healthful foods has the potential to be a powerful tool against gastritis.
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By: Emily Lunardo | Diets | Tuesday, June 28, 2016 – 03:00 PM
Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining primarily caused by H.pylori bacteria (although it may have other causes as well). Depending on your typical diet, your gastritis may improve or worsen, or even progress to stomach ulcers. That’s why following a gastritis diet is so important to make sure your condition improves rather than aggravate.
Symptoms of gastritis include bloating, feeling of fullness, and pain. In order to reduce your symptoms, you will want to follow a gastritis-friendly diet and also be aware of the foods that can worsen your condition. Below are the foods to enjoy along with the foods to avoid when treating and living with gastritis.
Gastritis diet: Foods to limit or avoid
Each person affected by gastritis will react to foods differently, so not all foods on the below list may apply to you. It is worth a shot, though, to try and limit or avoid these items, as you may experience improvements in your condition.
Generally speaking, spicy foods, high fat foods, chocolate, and seasonings irritate the stomach and often trigger the gastritis symptoms. Here is a list of foods you should limit or avoid if you are living with gastritis.
- Hot cocoa and cola
- Whole milk and chocolate milk. Most people think that dairy is a good choice for soothing an upset stomach and blocking the effects of acids. However, due to its calcium and amino acid content, dairy may actually stimulate the release of more acid production, making the symptoms of gastritis worse.
- Peppermint and spearmint tea
- Regular and decaf coffee. Both types of coffee can make gastritis symptoms worse because it is acidic in nature
- Green and black tea, with or without caffeine
- Drinks that contain alcohol
- Orange and grapefruit juices. These are citrus fruits that contain a high amount of natural acid and can trigger the release of pain-causing neurotransmitters in people with gastritis.
- Black and red pepper
- Garlic powder
- Chili powder
- Dairy foods made from whole milk or cream
- Spicy or strongly flavored cheeses, such as jalapeno or black pepper
- Highly seasoned, high-fat meats, such as sausage, salami, bacon, ham, and cold cuts
- Hot peppers, chili peppers
- Onions and garlic
- Tomato products, such as tomato paste, tomato sauce, or tomato juice. Similar to citrus fruits, tomatoes are quite acidic and can irritate a sensitive stomach. While it may be ok to eat tomato products in smaller amounts, it’s best to avoid them if you suffer from gastritis.
- Refined or processed foods. This includes white bread, pasta, products with added sugar, factory-farm meat, trans fats, refined vegetable oils, fried foods, and pasteurized dairy products. These items can trigger food allergies and increase inflammation in the gut.
- Alcohol can erode the stomach lining and increase the level of inflammation. Moderate drinking may not induce gastritis symptoms, but there are some people who cannot drink any amount of alcohol without triggering gastritis symptoms.
Gastritis diet: Foods to eat
High-antioxidant foods: Food items high in vitamin C, vitamin A, and flavonoids have been shown in prior research to help lower stomach inflammation and reduce the risk of digestive disorders. The best sources of antioxidants are brightly colored fresh fruits and vegetables. According to researchers at the University of Maryland Medical Center, fresh fruits, herbs/spices, and veggies that are especially beneficial for gastritis include onions, garlic, squash, bell peppers, leafy greens, artichoke, asparagus, celery, fennel, sea vegetables, ginger, turmeric, cruciferous veggies, berries, apples, and cranberries.
Probiotic foods: These include cultured veggies, kombucha, yogurt, and kefir, which have a multitude of beneficial effects on almost every aspect of the body. Probiotics help to reduce inflammation, regulate bowel movements, and control reactions to food allergies. Probiotic bacteria such as Lactobacillus bulgaricus may even be able to regulate how much stomach acid is produced, effectively reducing gastritis symptoms.
Licorice, fennel or anise: A traditional folk remedy for a number of different kinds of digestive complaints. Licorice root contains a compound called glycyrrhizin, which is known for its soothing effects on the stomach and strengthening ability within the GI tract. Additional effects of glycyrrhizin have been found to include anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, antioxidant, antitumor, antimicrobial, and antiviral properties.
High fiber foods: Fiber has proven to be beneficial for reducing gastritis and other digestive disorders. A previous study done at Harvard School of Public Health found that high fiber diets were associated with a reduced risk of developing stomach ulcers by up to 60 percent. Greats sources of fiber include nuts like almonds, seeds like chia or flax, soaked legumes/beans, and sprouted whole grains.
Healthy fats and proteins: Great sources include grass-fed meat, wild-caught fish, cage-free eggs, or pasture-raised poultry. Healthy fats and proteins can help repair the gut wall and reduce inflammation-like symptoms. Fish, such as salmon or sardines, are also a great source of omega-3s, which can further keep inflammation at bay and be beneficial for gastritis sufferers. Other healthy fats include coconut or olive oil, avocado, grass-fed butter, and ghee.
Other considerations for gastritis diet
In addition to avoiding trigger foods and consuming gastritis-friendly items, there are other considerations to keep in mind when dealing with gastritis. For example, you should avoid eating meals prior to bed. Rather than eating a few large meals, you should consume smaller ones more frequently.
Lifestyle changes can help your gastritis as well, like quitting smoking, reducing stress, limiting or avoiding nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), reducing your risk of H.pylori by practicing proper hygiene and safe food preparation techniques, and cutting out chewing gum as it increases gastric acid secretion. These factors can worsen your condition and prompt gastritis to progress to ulcers.
Gastritis diet plan
Here is a diet plan to help you structure your daily meals.
Beverages: Drink six to eight glasses of water daily and steer clear of the above mentioned beverages that may cause further irritation.
Breads and starches: You can consume six to 10 servings of the following breads and starches:
- 1/2 cup cooked pasta, noodles, or macaroni
- 1/2 cup cooked rice or cream of rice
- 1/2 cup cream of wheat or oatmeal
- 3/4 cup dry cereal
- 1/2 cup mashed potatoes
- 1 medium roll or bun
- 1 slice bread
- 6 saltine crackers
- ½ cup of cooked pasta
- ½ cup of cooked rice
- ½ cup of cream of wheat or oatmeal
- ¾ cup of dry cereal
- ½ cup of mashed potatoes
- 1 medium roll or bun
- 1 slice of bread
- 6 saltine crackers
Fruits: Consume two to four servings of the following fruits:
- 1 medium apple, pear, peach, or orange
- ½ cup of applesauce or canned fruit
- 15 grapes
- 1 kiwi
- 1 ¼ cup of melon or berries
- ½ cup of mild juices
- 1 small banana
Vegetables: Consume two to four servings from the below list:
- ½ cup of cooked vegetables
- 1 cup fresh vegetables
- 2 cups of green salad
Meat or meat substitutes: Eat two to four servings of the below list:
- 1 cup of casserole from approved foods
- ½ cup of low-fat cottage cheese
- 2 tablespoons of peanut butter
- 2 ounces of semi-hard low fat cheese
- 2 scrambled or soft cooked eggs
- 2 to 3 ounces of tender meat, fish, seafood, turkey, or chicken
- 3 ounces of tofu
Milk and dairy: Eat two to three servings from the below list:
- ½ cup of custard or pudding
- ½ cup of low-fat ice cream or ice milk
- 1 cup of low-fat milk or milk drink
- 1 cup of low-fat yogurt
Soups: Eat up to three servings of one cup of broth or bouillon.
Fats: Consume two to four servings from the list below:
- 1 teaspoon of butter or margarine
- 1 teaspoon of oil
- 1 tablespoon of salad dressing
Don’t forget to stay clear of the foods listed in the foods to avid section.
Diet tips for gastritis
Now that you are aware of the foods you can and cannot eat, as well as serving sizes, here are some additional tips to help you along the way:
- Have regular meals, but don’t eat too often.
- Milk and dairy should be limited to three servings or less.
- Alcohol, black pepper, and chili powder should be completely avoided.
- Caffeine increases stomach acid so caffeinated products should be limited or avoided.
- High fiber foods are highly recommended.
- Foods that cause gas should be avoided, including broccoli, cabbage, onions, milk, cooked beans and peas, and some fruits. Listen to your body to see what is causing you discomfort.
- Eat broccoli. It contains a nutrient called sulforaphane that has been medically proven to kill H. pylori bacteria, a cause of stomach ulcers. Sulphoraphane supplements can also be purchased.
- Include probiotics into your diet. They’re great for providing the body with beneficial bacteria that colonize the digestive system, helping to absorb and digest nutrients.
- Commit to your gastritis diet choices. None of your diet choices will make a significant impact if you don’t adhere to them in the long term. Treating chronic cases of stomach pain and gastritis is more or less a lifestyle change and one that needs your full commitment in order to benefit from their results.
- Avoid trigger foods that you know will cause you to experience symptoms. This will you prevent damage to your gut. Some produce to generally avoid include: sweets, sodas, excessive coffee intake, energy drinks and foods with trans fats.
- Drinks water. Staying hydrated not only helps prevent gastritis symptoms from acting up they also help flush away harmful toxins.
Ways to prevent gastritis include eating slowly and chewing your food thoroughly, avoiding eating on a full stomach, and consuming smaller meals throughout the day.
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