Diet of the little ones baby print

Introducing Solid Foods to Babies 4 – 6 Month Old Baby Solid Food Charts for babies age 4 – 6 months

Introducing solid foods to your little one is a huge milestone that lays the foundation for healthy eating habits.

This is one stage that I know can be a very nerve wracking and scary for many parents. One of the most important things to remember is that there is no gold standard “right way” of starting baby on solid foods. I have compiled solid food charts to help you have an idea of what foods are safe, healthy and nutritious for your baby as you both begin the journey into solid foods. Remember, many pediatricians are recommending that babies start solids at 6 months of age

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More about what your 4-6 month old baby can eat

AGE/STAGE: Babies 4-6 Months

The AAP recommends that an infant not be started on solid foods until after 6 months of age.  Many pediatricians still start babies on solids around 4 months of age.  This chart accommodates all ages and stages up to 12 months.

CEREALS

Rice and Oatmeal cereals are the least of the allergenic grains and thus most babies are started out with those cereals.  You don’t HAVE to start with cereal – try avocado instead or banana.

FRUITS

May be served raw after 8 months old or earlier if the fruits are soft and baby does not have digestion troubles – bananas and avocados do NOT need to be cooked ever.

VEGGIES

Always serve cooked until after 12 months old or when baby can chew well enough so that no choking hazard is present.

PROTEIN

Always serve cooked with no pink areas – NEVER give a small baby/child raw meat or fish

DAIRY

NEVER replace breast milk or formula until after 12 months of age – serious health risks are possible. Never give a child under the age of 2yrs old low fat or skim milk products; whole milk is necessary.

When thinking about starting baby on solid foods and introducing solids to baby, a good rule of thumb is to “Watch the Baby – Not the Calendar”. This is true when introducing solid foods (complementary foods) for both breastfed and formula fed infants. Just because baby has turned 4 months old does not mean she must be introduced to solid foods.

How much will your 4 month – 6 month old baby eat at his first meal?

Babies will probably only eat 1/2 of a tablespoon portion of food the very first times you begin solids. Don’t expect your baby to “finish” a meal; remember this is a new experience for your baby. As your baby gets older and is eating more solids, you will gradually increase the portion sizes. Also, keep in mind that breast milk and/or infant formula are providing for the total nutrition of your baby at this stage.

Read How Much Food Should My Baby Eat page for more information.

Many parents find their babies will push the food out of their mouths on the first few tries. This is normal however it may also indicate that your baby is not yet ready for solid foods. Only you know your baby and will be able to decide if baby is truly ready for solids.

 A baby’s tummy is the size of his fist – remember this as you are feeding him; it doesn’t take much food to make a “meal”!

 Breast-Fed Baby Growth Charts from the World Health Organisation – Reflecting Breast-Fed Babies Growth Patterns

The charts presented are general guidelines with solid baby foods that are age appropriate.  They may seem somewhat conservative in nature compared to guidelines from other sources.  We show age-ranges for different foods and we have researched and compiled these charts from various medical authorities such as private pediatricians, the AAP, the AAFP and the WHO. Feel free to print the chart and ask your Pediatrician about the listings and recommendations.  Our visitors say their pediatricians are impressed with our Chart’s suitability and accuracy of listings. 

 Click here for a printable “no ad” version of the complete solid food introduction chart

Suggested Daily “Milk” Intakes for Babies age 0 to 12 months

  • 0-3 Months of age: Breastfeed every 1-3 hours or Formula 18-40 ounces
  • 4-5 Months of age: Breastfeed every 2-4 hours or Formula 24-45 ounces
  • 6-8 Months of age: Breastfeed every 3-4 hours or Formula 24-37 ounces
  • 9-12 Months of age: Breastfeed every 4-5 hours or Formula 24-31 ounces

Whole Cow Milk, as a drink, should not be introduced until 12 months of age. Learn about Introducing Yogurt and Feeding Cheese to your baby.

Table compiled from Merck Source 

 Related Articles on Introducing Solids to a 4-6 Month Baby

  • USDA- Feeding Infants Solid Foods
  • US National Library of Medicine – Infant and Newborn Nutrition
  • AAP- Infant Food and Feeding

wholesomebabyfood.momtastic.com
As your little one breezes through the 8 month, you will be presented with fresh challenges !!.

Your little one will start crawling, will want to explore new things, loses interest in food, doesn’t want to be spoon fed, throws things around and lots more !!!

By 8 months your baby would be able to sit without support for several minutes and have developed pincer grasp (able to pick things with forefinger and thumb) This is a good sign for starting finger foods for your baby which helps the baby to explore sizes, textures, taste and feel of the food.

After 8th month you can also introduce some interesting food for your baby. When your baby completes 8th month, you can start with

1. Egg (yolk)

2. Chicken3. Cheese4. Yogurt5. Tofu6. Cauliflower7. Broccoli8. Kiwi9. Fish10.Bread Sticks
Note -: You might be wondering why NO to Cow’s milk but YES to yogurt and cheese till 1 year. It is because in cheese and yogurt the lactose is broken down and so it is easily digestible and there is no danger of these 2 foods replacing breastmilk!!

Check out Here to know what are the requisites for solid feeding your baby.

Please follow the 3 Day Rule before introducing any new food.

When do I know my baby is ready for Finger Foods?

1. Baby is able to sit upright.

2. Baby does not thrust the food out. (Tongue thrust reflex)

3. Baby has a pincer grasp so that the food can be held in their fingers.

4. When the baby achieves hand eye co-ordination so that they can pick the food and put in their mouth.

Getting Started

1. It is best for the baby to sit on a high chair with the table while eating, as we will be able to control the messiness and the infant has a large surface to play with the food.

2. What type of food can be given?

    Experts advise to give the food what the whole family has, but in India, our meals are so varied that some of the food items may not be suitable for the infant.
Boiled vegetables cut into strips make great foods, evenly cut fruit cubes (apple, pear) rice sticks, preloaded spoons with cereal and lots more. 

3. Be prepared for the messiness!!!

4. It is not a “Hands off” approach, with the parent as a silent spectator. The parents should guide the baby to take the food to the mouth by themselves.

5. Allow the baby to try one food at a time, for example, try apple one day and pear another day, do not combine them as the baby will not be able to appreciate and distinguish the tastes.

6. The fast foods and foods with lots of sugar and salt should be avoided.

7. Strict meal times are not mandatory, follow your baby’s cues, feed when they are hungry, do continue breastfeeding.

8. Do not cut the food into mouth sized pieces, as they will not be able to hold the pieces and gnaw on them. The guide to the perfect size will be the size of the baby’s fist and preferably chip shaped.

9. Be patient, do not hurry your baby, many of the times you will be tempted to stuff the food into their mouth!!!.

10. Try rejected food after some days, they might like it.

11. There is a very rare chance for choking, so never leave the baby unattended.

I have structured this 8-month baby food chart in such way that the baby is gradually introduced to heavier diets, so I would advise you to follow the same order.

The food schedule can be as follows 

Breakfast                    – 9 amMid Morning Snack  – 11 amLunch                          – 1 pmAfternoon Snack        – 4 pmDinner                         –  7 to 9 pm
In between these meals, breastfeed the baby, please don’t stop breastfeeding as it is still the main source of energy and nutrition for your little one.

Week 1

Week 2

Week 3

Week 4

 Note – FF means Finger Food and Pancakes are always whole wheat pancakes

For the finger foods, offer 2 or 3 pieces of FF in the beginning and slowly increase the quantity. Don’t expect your little one to polish off the finger foods at first, they will slowly explore the taste and texture of the food before eating them.

You can plan your baby meals using a Printable Meal Planner.

You can start a “Baby Food Diary” to keep track on your little one’s favorite recipes and allergies to specific food. 
Finger food options – Vegetable Finger Foods, Fruit Finger Foods.

Please click this link for the already posted recipes Recipe Index. Have you downloaded our Free Ebook on 50 first food recipes for babies ?, If not Download it Here

The information presented here is meant as a guide and does not replace professional medical advice. You should always discuss your baby’s dietary requirements with your doctor.

photo credit: candrews via photopin cc

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Diet Chart for one year old baby

It is a joyous moment when your baby turns one. At One, he has either just started walking or trying hard to walk. Many one-year-olds begin talking. While their speech may be incoherent, it is heavenly and cute to their mothers. Diet Chart for one year old baby.

It is now that your baby needs a balanced meal that is rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals, as this will fuel his growth! It is the right time to introduce nutritious meals that are not just power packed but are also easy on his stomach.

Diet Chart for one year old baby

Many new moms may be overwhelmed with the choices at hand and the many suggestions by the elders in the family. If you are in the doubt being to what to feed your tiny tot, simply read on!

Let us delve into a few general guidelines for preparing a nutritious menu for your 1-year-old baby.

Depending upon the intake of your child, his food preferences and liking towards a particular taste, you can make small changes in the overall plan. However, while preparing a bespoke diet plan for your child, make sure that the given dietary needs in terms of calories and nutrients have fulfilled.

Handy tip for a working mum

It is a handy tip for working mothers, who may often run late in getting a meal ready for their little ones. While planning and preparing the ingredients to make your child’s breakfast, lunch and dinner, keep aside a portion of finger foods such as chopped olives, frozen baby peas, avocado, low-fat string cheese, cheerios, ½ hard-boiled egg, shredded oats and so on.

These finger foods can have used as an appetizer and can stall your child’s hunger cries if and when you are running late. Be sure to cut veggies into bite size pieces, to avoid chances of choking. Remember, your child has just begun to eat and making eating fun is left to you. Accidents during feeding can leave a child overwhelmed and pave a way to poor eating habits.

If your child has just begun to teeth or shows signs of struggle with finger food like olives, stop them right away! Instead, boil and mash them, or put them in a stew, so your baby can spoon up or gobble down the contents.

Guidelines for Feeding

Take cues from the instructions given below when you are planning a feed for your baby. It would make items much easier for you.

Toddlers and 1-year-old children know when they are hungry. They are pretty good at identifying their hunger pangs and so let them decide when and how much they want to eat.

Avoid giving liquids such as fruit juices or milk to the child just before lunch or dinner or else he will not eat much. Similarly, if the baby is still feeding on you, you should avoid giving whole milk to him frequently.

According to health experts, 24 ounces of milk per day is enough for a baby who is one-year-old. So, you need to cut down on his whole milk supply if you are nursing him. It will encourage your child to eat more.
You are one-year-old requires a diverse range of nutrients in varying amounts during his growing stage. Too much milk limits his food intake causing iron-deficiency. Throw in veggies and fruits that are age appropriate.

It will be difficult for you to make your baby try new foods. So try out a game plan, a unique way to encourage him to eat multiple types of foods.

Lastly, encourage a good eating behaviour, as this will last with him for a lifetime. Good eating habits help a person retain healthy weight even when he becomes an adult and reduces his risk to contracting different obesity-related diseases.

If your baby is underweight or overweight or has a mineral or vitamin deficiency, talk to your caregiver and tweak his diet plan.

Diet Chart for one year old baby

Diet Chart for one year old baby

Break up of Meals

Growing children need frequent feeding and hence it is prudent that you break up the meal plan in 5 to 6 divisions. Here is an ideal meal plan for a 1-year-old baby.

Breakfast

1 to 2 tbsp blackberry applesauce
¼ cup toasted O’s cereal or Cheerios
½ cup whole milk plain yogurt

Snack

½ ounce cheese
4 100 percent whole grain wheat crackers (the no trans fat variety)
½ cup whole milk/breast milk

Lunch

1 ounce roasted and minced chicken
1 tbsp quinoa/amaranth/buckwheat
1-2 tbsp black beans with minced tomatoes and ½ tsp olive oil
1 to 2 tbsp yellow peppers, well cooked
½ banana
½ cup whole milk or breast milk

Snack

½ slice 100 percent whole-wheat toast
Sprouted bread coated with one tsp of olive oil
4 ounces froze, defrosted mango chunks
½ cup whole Keifer milk

Dinner

1 ½ ounce minced chicken thigh
1 to 2 tbsp mashed sweet potato with the entire milk yogurt/1 tbsp sour cream & 1 tbsp mashed avocado
1 to 2 tbsp green beans chopped finely
½ cup breast milk or whole milk

Fruits that you can feed your one-year-old:

Melon, papaya, peaches apricot, grapefruit, watermelon, apples, butternut squash, bananas, mangos
Veggies that you can feed your one-year-old:
Broccoli, sweet potato, cauliflower, carrots, celery, potato

Other food that is safe for consumption for a one-year-old:

Tortilla
Bread – Buttered or plain
Crackers
Cheese
Black beans
Eggs
Tofu
Yoghurt
Turkey
Lentils

Important tips – Diet Chart for one year old baby

1. Always cut food into small bite size pieces for your child to be able to eat quickly.
2. Make sure the meat or vegetables you serve is soft and tender.
3. Remember to chew a small portion of the food to ascertain that it is not too hard for your one-year-old. If it does not break down in your mouth, real quick, it may need more cooking.
4. If your child begins to choke on his food, do not panic. Stop feeding and pat his back.
5. It is prudent that you carefully monitor for any side effects that a new food may have on your child.
Dish up a menu that has proteins, carbs, fruits and veggies, and see how your child grows! It is essential that you pay keen attention in crafting the diet for your one-year-old after all this is when he needs nutrients most!

The above are the important details about Diet Chart for one year old Baby.

Photo credit : Google search

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Introducing solids to a baby who has been diagnosed with G6PD Deficiency can be very nerve wracking. However, making your OWN baby food allows you to know EXACTLY what’s in your little one’s meals, reducing much of the worry related to feeding a baby with this condition.

This page will help you identify the foods you should avoid and suggests those that are generally safe to offer.

IMPORTANT NOTE: This information does NOT constitute medical advice and you should always consult a medical professional before introducing new foods to your baby. Although we have tried to be as thorough as possible, our list of foods to avoid in the diet of a G6PD deficient baby may not contain EVERY food that could act as a trigger.

Please also note that we cannot offer advice as to whether particular brands of commercially prepared infant formula or food – baby food or otherwise – are safe for an individual with G6PD Deficiency. We recommend that you contact the manufacturers of commercially prepared foods for specific information regarding their suitability.

What is G6PD Deficiency?

Unless your child has been diagnosed with G6PD Deficiency, you’ve probably never heard of it before. Yet it is incredibly common – according to g6pddeficiency.org, around 600 million people worldwide are G6PD deficient.

G6PD Deficiency is a condition baby inherits – it cannot be ‘caught’. It is passed down by one or both parents. The condition is present in various ethnic groups, but is most common in those with Mediterranean heritage and in African Americans. In areas of the world where G6PD Deficiency is common, babies are screened for the condition at birth (source: aafp.org – Diagnosis and Management of G6PD Deficiency).

G6PD stands for the enzyme ‘glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase’ – and individuals with G6PD Deficiency do not have enough of this enzyme in their bodies, or the G6PD they DO make isn’t functioning properly.

G6PD is critical to the normal function of red blood cells. Thus, G6PD Deficiency can lead to a condition called hemolytic anemia (a form of anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells) when an affected individual is exposed to certain foods, infections or medications (collectively known as ‘triggers’).

These ‘triggers’ can cause unwelcome byproducts to accumulate in the body and damage red blood cells. Usually, the G6PD enzyme in the body PROTECTS the red blood cells from damage by these byproducts… but when an individual is G6PD deficient, that layer of protection is not there in sufficient quantity. Subsequently, the individual begins to display the symptoms of anemia, which may include

  • pale skin
  • extreme fatigue
  • rapid breathing
  • rapid heartbeat
  • jaundice (where the skin and eyes become yellow)
  • enlarged spleen
  • dark colored urine

Many people with G6PD Deficiency display no symptoms at all until AFTER the red blood cells have been damaged by one of the ‘triggers’….

  • certain foods (particularly broad beans/fava beans, which are not only harmful to EAT but may also act as a trigger when merely touched)
  • certain medications
  • bacterial or viral infection

The good news is that – in most cases – removing the ‘trigger’ is all that’s needed to eliminate the symptoms, usually within a few weeks. Only rarely does G6PD Deficiency lead to chronic (ongoing) anemia.

As long as you take care to avoid the triggers, your baby should be able to lead a normal, healthy life.

Sources:

kidshealth.org
g6pd.org

How is G6PD Deficiency diagnosed and treated?

G6PD Deficiency can only be diagnosed by a medical professional, by means of a blood test.

Usually, no treatment is needed – avoiding the triggers is normally enough to prevent a crisis, or removing them is all that’s necessary to eliminate symptoms, because the body then starts to create new red blood cells naturally.

However, there is no cure for G6PD Deficiency and it is not a condition that can be ‘grown out’ of.

More about G6PD Deficiency ‘triggers’

Infections like Salmonella and E.coli can act as triggers for G6PD deficient individuals (source: aafp.org – Diagnosis and Management of G6PD Deficiency), so it is important to prepare your homemade baby food with scrupulous care, to avoid the growth of bacteria. This includes the correct cooking, storage, and reheating of baby’s meals. Please visit our page: How to Safely Prepare Baby Food for more information.

By the same token, preparing your own baby food gives you the confidence to know that your little one’s food has been hygienically and safely prepared – another reason that we feel homemade baby food is absolutely ideal for babies with G6PD Deficiency!

In addition to infections, certain medications can act as triggers – you’ll find a very detailed list here.

So, too, can chemicals used in food preservation, such as sulfites (also spelled sulphites in some parts of the world) and artificial food colourings (we suggest some safe, natural food colourings here).

Sulfites are often found in:

  • baked items, like cakes and cookies
  • bottled lemon and lime juice
  • frozen or canned fruits and veggies
  • cornmeal and cornstarch
  • crackers
  • sauces like ketchup and mustard
  • processed meat, like hot dogs and sausages
  • dried fruits and veggies (including raisins)
  • dried spices and herbs
  • tea
  • fish and shellfish
  • fresh grapes
  • jams, preserves and fruit pie fillings
  • lettuce
  • fruit and veggie juices
  • prepared potatoes (like frozen fries, dehydrated potato)
  • chips and candy
  • prepared rice and noodle mixes
  • soy products
  • processed tomato (like tomato puree or tomato paste)
  • vinegar

Despite the fact that G6PD Deficiency is so common, manufacturers of commercial food products are not required to state on their packaging whether the ingredients they contain are safe for someone with the condition.

Therefore, it can be very difficult to ascertain whether commercially prepared food is safe for your baby.

IF IN DOUBT, CONTACT THE MANUFACTURER FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION.

Other foods to avoid if your child has G6PD Deficiency

In addition to the foods mentioned in the list above – which may contain sulfites – other foods that should be avoided, or only introduced under the guidance of your child’ doctor, are…

  • Fava beans (also known as broad beans) and possibly ALL legumes (see note about favism below. You can see a detailed list of all legumes, with the various names by which they are known, here)
  • Peanut butter (see note regarding legumes, above)
  • Soy and soy products like tofu – soy does not affect all individuals with G6PD Deficiency, but you should certainly get the go-ahead from your doctor before introducing it to your baby.
  • Blueberries (and products containing them, like blueberry yogurt)
  • Bitter melon/melon gourd
  • Some Chinese herbs (more information here)
  • Artificial ascorbic acid
  • Artificial food colour (particularly blue)
  • Menthol (can be in certain candy and toothpaste)
  • Artificial food preservatives
  • Most prepared Chinese and Korean food (this is because it often contains sauces made with soy or bean paste)

PLEASE REMEMBER… This list may not contain every food that could act as a trigger for your child. Please speak to your doctor before introducing new foods to your baby.

Source:
g6pddeficiency.org

Favism

Fava beans – also known as broad beans – can be deadly to someone with G6PD Deficiency, causing a severe hemolytic response called favism.

Everyone with favism is deficient in the G6PD enzyme, although not everyone with G6PD Deficiency has favism. In some people with G6PD Deficiency, eating broad beans may only cause a low level hemolysis (destruction of red blood cells).

Yet this is very harmful too…

…the symptoms may be so mild as to go unnoticed, but the continual, mild hemolysis can lead to problems like iron overload and memory dysfunction. It may also cause organs such as the heart, kidneys, liver and spleen to become overworked.

Although fava beans are the main culprit, other legumes may cause a similar problem.

Therefore, the introduction of ANY legumes to your baby should be thoroughly discussed with – and approved by – your doctor.

Best foods for a baby with G6PD Deficiency

Because the red blood cells are more prone to damage by oxidative substances in an individual with G6PD Deficiency, a diet rich in antioxidants is important.

Fruits (especially berries) and vegetables (especially beets) are good sources of antioxidants (with the exceptions of the triggers noted in the lists above).

Although they may, with your doctor’s consent, be introduced from 6 months of age, berries sometimes trigger allergic reactions (more information on our Strawberry Baby Food page). So, whilst they are an excellent food choice for your child in the long term, it’s important to introduce them with care at first, observing the four day rule and watching carefully for any signs of allergic reaction.

Other good sources include barley, oats, garlic and ginger.

Organic foods are preferable when available, as they are grown without the use of chemicals that may be harmful to your child. This page on our site looks at which fruits and vegetables may be highest in pesticide residues.

Should I give my baby an iron supplement?

It is CRUCIAL that you speak to your doctor before giving ANY supplements to your baby – particularly iron supplements.

Hemolytic anemia can cause iron to be released into the bloodstream, so offering additional iron can cause baby’s levels to become dangerously high.

A healthy diet… a healthy future!

To summarize: a typically healthy diet – rich in fruits and vegetables (with the exceptions noted earlier in this article) – is best for your baby. This means also avoiding artificial ingredients – a wise move in the diet of ANY baby!

By making your own nutritious baby food using natural ingredients, you are giving your little one the best possible start!

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